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Practical Information – Travel to Mongolia | Tours Mongolia
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Practical Information

POPULATION: 3.5 million
AREA: 1,566,000 sq km (610,740 sq mi)
LAND BOUNDARIES: 8,158 km, with Russia 3,485 km and with China 4,673 km
AVERAGE ALTITUDE: 1,580 m above sea-level
TERRAIN: Vast semi-desert and desert plains, mountains in west and southwest,
Gobi Desert in southeast
PEOPLE: Khalkha Mongols (86%), Kazaks (6%), about a dozen other Mongolian
ethnic groups
LANGUAGES: Mongolian, Kazakh, Russian, Chinese. English is widely spoken in the
RELIGIONS: Tibetan Buddhism, Muslim, Christian and Shamanism
CLIMATE: Average summer temperature +20’C, average winter temperature -26’C, average rainfall 200-220 mm. Winter lasts from November to late April, Spring from May through June, Summer from July through September.
POLITICAL SYSTEM: Parliamentary republic. President elected for four years. Present President Battulga Khaltmaa, elected in 2017. Prime Minister appointed by State Great Khural for four years. Present Prime Minister Mr. Oyun-Erdene Luvsannamsrain was appointed in 2021.
LEGISLATURE: State Great Khural (Parliament), unicameral with 76 members elected for four years. The last election was held in 2016.
JUDICIAL SYSTEM: Mongolian judicial system consists of Constitutional Court , Supreme Court, Aimag and capital city courts, soum and district courts.
STATE STRUCTURE: Mongolia is a unitary state and divided administratively into Aimags (21) and a capital city; Aimags are subdivided into soums; soums into bags; and a capital city into districts; districts into khoroos.
NATIONAL CURRENCY: Tugrik (MNT), about MNT 2850 = USD 1 (by JAN 2021)
FISCAL YEAR: January 1 – December 31
MAIN ENTRY POINTS: Chinggis Khaan (airport in Ulaanbaatar ), Sukhbaatar (railway station on Mongolian-Russian border) and Zamyn Uud (railway station on Mongolian-Chinese border)
SEA ACCESS: Tianjin/China (1,344 km) and Nakhodka/Russia (4,037 km)
PUBLIC HOLIDAYS: December 31- January 1 – New Year 3 days,
in January/February – Mongolian New Year (Tsagaan Sar),
June 1 – Mother and Child day,
July 11-13 – National Holiday (Naadam festival)
TIME: Add 8 hours to Greenwich Mean Time
NORMAL WORKING HOURS: 09.00-13.00 and 14.00-18.00
VISA ARRANGEMENTS: Visa shall be issued by MongoliaEmbassies and Diplomatic Missions as well as Honorary consuls of Mongolia , or can be obtained at the airport at a cost of US$53 but must be accompanied by an invitation.


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